Who is Affected?


When tendons – the thick cords that join muscle to bone – are injured, irritation and inflammation of the tendon may result causing tendinitis or tendinosis. These conditions most often occur in the shoulder, elbow, heel or wrist. Among athletes, these injuries are commonly referred to as swimmer’s shoulder, golfer’s or tennis elbow, jumper’s or runner’s knee, and pitcher’s shoulder. Because tendons are subject to chronic overuse and are often re-injured, inflammation and degeneration can be persistent and recovery delayed.

  1. Roos KG et al, Am J Sports Med, 2015; 43: 1790-1797.