sam® Sport is a bio-regenerative medical device that delivers Sustained Acoustic Medicine, providing 1.3 W of low-intensity (132 mW/cm2) ultrasound energy at 3MHz frequency to accelerate biological healing processes and reduce pain. Through the sustained delivery of low intensity acoustic waves, sam® Sport stimulates the body’s natural repair process. For more information, please view this video which further explains the mechanism of action.
sam® Sport is most commonly prescribed for acute and chronic tendinopathies; muscle strain or spasms; or pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. sam® Sport can be used to treat injured sites throughout the body such as the tendons of the elbow, Achilles, patella, shoulder and bicep; and muscles including the trapezius, hamstring, and quadriceps. Please consult Contraindications and Warnings.
Yes, in a clinical study of subjects with elbow tendinosis, treatment with sam® Sport increased the grip strength of the injured arm by 17%1. Subjects in this study also reported a 70% decrease in pain on a 0-10 scale over the six week study. Whether sam® Sport can effectively prevent future injuries has not been studied in a clinical trial.
Traditional therapeutic ultrasound requires active administration by a trained professional using benchtop or cart-mounted equipment, thereby limiting treatments to only a few times per week for 15 minutes or less. Research has shown that given correct dosing, which includes treatment frequency, intensity and duration, ultrasound is effective in treating soft tissue injuries2-7. Until now, therapeutic ultrasound treatments have been limited to the amount of time a trained professional actively applies therapy. sam® Sport allows the patient to self-administer the therapy anytime throughout their busy day– saving time for both the health care provider and the patient.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, otherwise known as TENS, uses electrical currents to control pain by stimulating nerves and blocking the pain signals that would otherwise be sent to the brain. While TENS and sam® Sport have proven successful in clinical studies for relieving pain, only sam® Sport and its ultrasonic energy aid in the recovery process by increasing circulation, and accelerating the natural healing cascades through mechanical stimulation.
If unfamiliar with using therapeutic ultrasound, it is recommended that patients begin wearing the device for one hour the first day. The next day, increase the time by one hour. Continue on this regimen until you reach four hours total per day. It is suggested to begin usage of sam® Sport in this manner since every individual has a slightly different anatomy and physiology (e.g. such as muscle mass, skin sensitivity, and core body temperature) that can affect your experience.
sam® Sport should be used for four hours each day for at least five days per week to receive the recommended dose of ultrasound therapy. On average, patients with an acute injury should expect to wear the device for two to six weeks. Patients with chronic injuries may require eight to 12 weeks of sam® Sport usage to receive its full benefits. Patients may need to continue wearing the device after the recommended number of weeks, on an as needed or preventative basis.
sam® Sport has effectively been shown to reduce pain due to osteoarthritis. As part of a randomized sham controlled study funded by the National Institutes of Health8, subjects treated with an active device (n=28) who experienced moderate to severe pain at baseline reported a 40% decrease in pain measured on a zero to 10 numeric rating scale over a six week treatment period. While sam® has proven effective in reducing pain associated with osteoarthritis, it is clinically unknown if it actually impacts the disease progression. However, it has been shown in animal studies that long-term administration of therapeutic ultrasound can diminish the severity of knee osteoarthritis9.
Yes, sam® Sport can be used in your recovery process after a surgery under the direction of your health care provider. sam® Sport should not be used over an open wound, inflamed skin, or an implanted medical device. These factors should be considered in determining when and how to implement sam® Sport into your recovery process.
The most common side effect is skin sensitivity resulting from two possibilities: improper coupling of the applicator to the skin, or skin irritation from prolonged use of the patch. These side effects are avoidable by ensuring that adequate sam® coupling gel is applied to the applicator before it is placed on the skin, and by avoiding placement of the applicator over a bony part of the body. If you experience skin irritation from use of the patch, it is recommended that the placement of the adhesive part of the patch be rotated (approximately 45°) each day. If you have significant body hair in the area of application it is recommended that you shave the area before using sam® Sport.
In a human factors evaluation conducted on 20 subjects who used the device three times each, 0% of subjects reported an adverse event or skin damage from treatment. Repeated use of the patch caused discomfort or irritation of the skin in only 3% of cases10.
No, sam® Sport should not negatively impact any physical therapy, athletic training, or massage therapies. sam® Sport is designed as a drug-free alternative to treating pain, however, it should not interact with any current medications you may be taking.
Please reference Contraindications and Warnings, which further discuss specific cases in which the device should not be used. For example, sam® Sport should not be used over an implanted medical device, or cardiac pacemakers. Precautions should be taken in individuals with potential acute infections, sepsis, peripheral artery disease, or deep vein thrombosis.
You do not need to do anything. sam® Sport is designed to work with the human body and maximize the safe and effective delivery of sustained acoustic medicine. When the applicators go into sam® Sensing Mode, a red LED will replace the normal blue LED light. The device will continuously monitor the status and the blue lights will return when ideal operating conditions are sensed. However, you should check that the unit is not covered by thick insulating material such as coats, blankets or a sports wrap, as this may cause the sam® to disable and remain disabled. Do not turn the device power “off” and “on” if the unit goes into sam® Sensing Mode.
The decision to use one or two applicators is dependent on the size and anatomical area of treatment. For example, large regions, such as back treatment, could benefit from two applicators. However, smaller treatment areas, such as the forearm, may only require one applicator. Your health care provider will instruct you on whether to apply one or two applicators based on your injury.
To use sam® Sport with one applicator, connect the applicator directly to the wire from the Power Controller. You should not be using a sam® Sport Y-adapter in this configuration. For use with two applicators, first connect the wire from the power controller to the female connection on the sam® Sport Y-adapter. Then, connect each applicator to the two male connections on the sam® Sport Y-adapter.
Draper DO et al. World Confederation of Physical Therapy Congress. Singapore, May 2015.
Downing DS, Weinstein A. Ultrasound Therapy of Subacromial Bursitis: A Double Blind Trial. Physical Therapy. 1986;66(2):194-9.
Ebenbichler GR, Erdogmus CB, Resch KL, Funovics MA, Kainberger F, Barisani G, Aringer M, Nicolakis P, Wiesinger GF, Baghestanian M, Preisinger E, Weinstabl R, Fialka-Moser V. Ultrasound Therapy for Calcific Tendinitis of the Shoulder. New England Journal of Medicine. 1999;340(20):1533-8. doi: doi:10.1056/NEJM199905203402002. PubMed PMID: 10332014.
Köybaşi M, Borman P, Kocaoğlu S, Ceceli E. The effect of additional therapeutic ultrasound in patients with primary hip osteoarthritis: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Clin Rheumatol. 2010;29(12):1387-94. doi: 10.1007/s10067-010-1468-5.
Van Der Heijden GJ, Leffers P, Wolters PJ, Verheijden JJ, van Mameren H, Houben JP, Bouter LM, Knipschild PG. No effect of bipolar interferential electrotherapy and pulsed ultrasound for soft tissue shoulder disorders: a randomised controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 1999;58(9):530-40. Epub 1999/08/25. PubMed PMID: 10460185; PMCID: Pmc1752938.
Ainsworth R, Dziedzic K, Hiller L, Daniels J, Bruton A, Broadfield J. A prospective double blind placebo-controlled randomized trial of ultrasound in the physiotherapy treatment of shoulder pain. Rheumatology (Oxford, England). 2007;46(5):815-20. Epub 2007/01/16. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kel423. PubMed PMID: 17218327.
Alexander LD, Gilman DRD, Brown DR, Brown JL, Houghton PE. Exposure to Low Amounts of Ultrasound Energy Does Not Improve Soft Tissue Shoulder Pathology: A Systematic Review. Physical Therapy. 2010;90(1):14-25. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20080272.
This work is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health under Award number R43MD0098597. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
Gurkan I, Ranganathan A, Yang X, et al. Modification of Osteoarthritis in the Guinea Pig with Pulsed Low-Intensity Ultrasound Treatment. Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society. 2010;18(5):724-733. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2010.01.006.
Taggart, R., Langer, M. D., & Lewis, G. K. (2014, August). Human Factors Engineering and testing for a wearable, long duration ultrasound system self-applied by an end user. In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (pp. 554-557). IEEE.